Réaumur, René-Antoine Ferchault de

(1683-1757)
   physicist, naturalist
   Considered the father of the French iron-and-steel industry, René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur was born in La Rochelle. He demonstrated that castings can be made into steel by adding metallic iron, and he studied the process of hardening and tempering steel (1722). He also invented an alcohol thermometer and the Réaumur temperature scale (1730). In the natural sciences, he studied invertebrates, especially insects, and devoted a number of works to their habits and development (he opposed the idea of spontaneous generation). He also proved that corals are animals, not plants. Additionally, Réaumur investigated gold-bearing rivers, turquoise mines, and forests, and did research on the composition of Chinese porcelain, which led him to develop an opaque glass. He was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1708, and in 1710 directed the official description of arts and trades in France.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Réaumur, René Antoine Ferchault de — Réaumur, René Antoine Ferchault de, einer der größten Naturforscher seiner Zeit, geb. 1683 zu Rochelle, erwarb sich große Verdienste durch seine Forschungen im Thier und Mineralreiche. Uns ist er namentlich bekannt durch das von ihm gefertigte… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Réaumur, René-Antoine Ferchault de — born Feb. 28, 1683, La Rochelle, France died Oct. 17, 1757, Saint Julien du Terroux French physicist and entomologist. He invented the thermometric scale that bears his name (see thermometry); on the Réaumur scale, 0° marks the freezing point of… …   Universalium

  • Réaumur , René Antoine Ferchault de — (1683–1757) French entomologist, physicist, and metallurgist Born at La Rochelle in western France, Réaumur traveled to Paris in 1703 and was admitted to the French Academy of Sciences in 1708. He was commissioned by Louis XIV (1710) to compile a …   Scientists

  • Réaumur, René-Antoine Ferchault de — (28 feb. 1683, La Rochelle, Francia–17 oct. 1757, Saint Julien du Terroux). Físico y entomólogo francés. Inventó la escala termométrica que lleva su nombre (ver termometría); en la escala de Réaumur, 0 °C marca el punto de congelación del agua y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Réaumur, René Antoine Ferchault de — ► (1683 1757) Físico y naturalista francés. Su nombre va unido a la introducción del termómetro con su división en 80º (1730). Demostró la naturaleza química del proceso de digestión animal y aisló el jugo gástrico …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rene-Antoine Ferchault de Reaumur — René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, né le 28 février 1683 à La Rochelle et mort le 17 octobre 1757 dans son domaine de la Bermondière, à Saint Julien du Terroux, est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur. René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur) (* La Rochelle, Francia, 28 de febrero de 1683 Saint Julien du Terroux, íbid., 17 de o …   Wikipedia Español

  • René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur — René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur. René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (* 28. Februar 1683 in La Rochelle; † 17. Oktober 1757 in Bermondière) war ein französischer Natur und Materialforscher mit einem weiten Interessen und Arbeitsgebiet. So… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur — Réaumur redirects here. For other uses, see Réaumur (disambiguation). René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur. René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (French pronunciation: [ʁe.o.myːʁ], 28 February 1683 La Rochelle 17 October 1757 Saint Julien du… …   Wikipedia

  • René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur — (* 28. Februar 1683 in La Rochelle; † 17. Oktober 1757 auf Schloss Bermondière in Bermondière) war ein französischer Natur und Materialforscher mit einem weiten Interessen und Arbeitsgebiet. So beschäftigte er sich unter anderem mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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